For many years growing a table grape in cold climates was not even a possibility! There has been much work put into the research of developing cold hardy grape varieties, and now there are several opportunities for grape growing in the north. We offer the hardiest, best tasting, disease resistant varieties available. They are smaller in size compared to the ones typically bought in grocery stores, but they are exceptional in flavour.
Grape vines are self fertile but fruit production is amplified when there are multiple varieties of grapes in the same areas for better cross pollination. The grape varieties we offer are extremely hardy, but they survive the harsh winters much better when they are laid on the ground and covered with mulch or even the snow. This way they will be insulated from the cold. Many people are very shy to do this, but 90% of grape vines must be pruned every year to ensure you get more than a cluster of grapes at harvest time. The best time to prune is in late fall and absolutely before the first snow fall. Many people suggest pruning in the spring but in cold climates this can really inhibit the early spring growth of the grape vine.
PLANTING PREPARATION FOR GRAPES
For grapes, it is recommended to choose a site that has rich or sandy loam soil. Good drainage is essential when it comes to grapes, even planting in a raised mound or berm will be beneficial. There roots are sensitive and can break off easy, carefully remove them from the paper pots they are provided in. Make sure soil is well worked so their roots can easily spread and grow in.
Soak roots in water for one hour before planting. Dig more of a trench then a hole. Grapes have shallow roots and grow best when spread out just under the surface of the soil.
As grape roots are shallow you have to take care for them not to dry out. Add mulch and compost around the planting area. Keeping moist throughout the summer.
|Height||indefinite-will grow as high as trellis|
|Sun Requirements||Full sun to part shade|
|Average year to bear fruit||3-5|
|Harvest Time||Late August to September|
|Soil||Prefers limestone soil, but quite adaptable to most. Don’t like water logged|